MENU
Borough of Stratford, Miscellaneous Documents Vol. 3
January 24,
1563

BRU15/3/21 recto

View Image Assets
BRU15/3/21 recto
Click image to enlarge

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust has graciously contributed images under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommerical ShareAlike 4.0 International license.  Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commercial or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk

Document-specific information
Creator:
Title: Borough of Stratford, Miscellaneous Documents Vol. 3
Date: January 24, 1563
Repository: The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: BRU15/3/21, 21-21v

Item Title
Borough of Stratford Miscellaneous documents, Vol. 3
Item Date
January 24, 1563
Repository
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust
Call Number
BRU15/3/21

BRU15/3/21 verso

View Image Assets
BRU15/3/21 verso
Click image to enlarge

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust has graciously contributed images under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommerical ShareAlike 4.0 International license.  Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commercial or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk

Document-specific information
Creator:
Title: Borough of Stratford, Miscellaneous Documents Vol. 3
Date: January 24, 1563
Repository: The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: BRU15/3/21, 21-21v

Item Title
Borough of Stratford Miscellaneous documents, Vol. 3
Item Date
January 24, 1563
Repository
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust
Call Number
BRU15/3/21 verso

BRU15/3/21 recto, detail

View Image Assets
BRU15/3/21 recto, detail
Click image to enlarge

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust has graciously contributed images under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommerical ShareAlike 4.0 International license.  Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commercial or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk

Document-specific information
Creator:
Title: Borough of Stratford, Miscellaneous Documents Vol. 3
Date: January 24, 1563
Repository: The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: BRU15/3/21, 21-21v

Item Title
Borough of Stratford Miscellaneous documents, Vol. 3
Item Date
January 24, 1563
Repository
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust
Call Number
BRU15/3/21 recto

BRU15/3/21 verso, detail of John Shakespeare's mark

View Image Assets
BRU15/3/21 verso, detail of John Shakespeare's mark
Click image to enlarge

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust has graciously contributed images under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommerical ShareAlike 4.0 International license.  Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commercial or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk

Document-specific information
Creator:
Title: Borough of Stratford, Miscellaneous Documents Vol. 3
Date: January 24, 1563
Repository: The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: BRU15/3/21, 21-21v

Item Title
Borough of Stratford Miscellaneous documents, Vol. 3
Item Date
January 24, 1563
Repository
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust
Call Number
BRU15/3/21 verso

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust has graciously contributed images under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommerical ShareAlike 4.0 International license.  Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commercial or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk

Document-specific information
Creator:
Title: Borough of Stratford, Miscellaneous Documents Vol. 3
Date: January 24, 1563
Repository: The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: BRU15/3/21, 21-21v

John Shakespeare, together with John Taylor, appears to have been elected as a chamberlain of the Stratford-upon-Avon Corporation in the autumn of 1561. Chamberlains kept the Corporation accounts. The document shown here is the account John Shakespeare and John Taylor submitted in January 1563 for the year ending Michaelmas (September 29) 1562.

The Corporation elected two chamberlains in September or October each year. One chamberlain would be responsible for drawing up the account for the following twelve months, while the other checked it. The accounts, however, were not submitted the next September or October, but in the following January. The same two chamberlains were usually re-elected for the following year, but with their roles reversed.

Surviving records are patchy for the first ten years of the Corporation’s existence but it seems that John Shakespeare and John Taylor were elected in the autumn of 1561, and then submitted accounts in January 1563 for the year Michaelmas 1561–Michaelmas 1562. They were then re-elected in the autumn of 1562 and submitted accounts in January 1564 for the year Michaelmas 1562–Michaelmas 1563.

In their account, shown here, covering the year Michaelmas 1561–Michaelmas 1562, the two men recorded receipts of £52 0s. 7½d. and expenditures of £51 15s. 0d., leaving them with a surplus of 4s. 9½d. carried over into the following year’s account. 

It is difficult to identify which of the two men was mainly responsible for the account submitted in January 1563. Later in the century, as literacy improved, accounts were submitted in the recognizable hand of one of the chamberlains with corrections by the other, but this account is a “fair copy” in the hand of the steward, Richard Symons.

However, John Shakespeare and John Taylor were also retained to submit accounts for two additional years in 1565 and 1566. These two further accounts can help us identify who was largely responsible for the account shown here. In 1566, John Shakespeare is described as mainly responsible for the accounts, making it very likely that Taylor bore the main responsibility for those submitted in January 1565. On the assumption they had alternated their responsibilities in similar fashion over the previous two years, it was therefore Taylor who submitted these accounts in January 1563, and John Shakespeare those of January 1564.

These accounts, on a loose sheet, are endorsed with at least two or possibly three marks. The first mark is a cross, written against Richard Symons’s endorsement, and might reasonably be thought to be Taylor’s, given that he was mainly responsible for the drafting. However, on two other occasions we know for certain that John Shakespeare also made his mark with a cross, in 1579 and 1597. Moreover, the second mark bears no resemblance to the “glover’s compasses” traditionally thought to be his, from 1561 and 1564. To complicate matters, another cross has been added near the damaged top edge of the document. 

 

[On one side of a single sheet in the hand of Richard Symons, with endorsements, later bound into a volume, now BRU 15/3/21]

Semi-diplomatic transcription

Thaccomt of Iohn Tayler & Iohn Shakspeyr Chamburlens made the xxiiijth day
of Ianuary in the vth yere of the reigne of Souereigne lady
elyzabethe by the grace of god of englond fraunce & Irelond
quene defendor of the feithe &c. for on Wholl yer endynge
at the feest of Sent mychell tharchaungell now last past.

Money Receved

In primis the Sum of the rent roull                                                          
lli   iiijs   xjd   ob

Item receved of mr Sadler                                                                            
xiijs viijd

Item receved of humfrey ranoldes for an elme                                                
ijs

Item receved for a mukhyll in chappell                                                          
ijs  xvjd

Item receved of thomas sharp rent for hys hous                                            
vijs

Item receved of the new barbur for hys fredum                                             
iijs  iiijd

Rentes receved for chamburs in chappell

In primis of mother Marg[r]et for hyr Chambur                                              
iijs   iiijd

Item receved of amblet for hys Chambur                                                        
ijs   vjd

Item receved of London for hys chamber                                                                
xd

Item receved of Hall for hys Chambur                                                                  
iiijd

Item receved of Sponer                                                                                        
xvjd

Sum receved                                
lijli    vijd   ob

Money payd vppon receyt

In primis to Richard godwyn for hangynge the bell & naylles                        
ijs    vjd
 
Item payd for naylles for the bell Whell                                                                
iiijd
 
Item payd to Hughe Carpenter for hangynge
   the gret bell & makynge the Whell                                                                                            
xxd
 
Item payd for cord & a bason rop for the lyttyll bell                                                
xd
 
Item payd to the smythe of lodyngton for ij keys & naylles                                  
ixd
 
Item payd for half a hyed of Whytlether                                                          
ijs viijd
 
Item payd for reparynge of mother gyles hous lyme & sond                                
xvjd
 
Item payd to the tyler                                                                                            
xvjd
 
Item payd for a bell rop for the gret bell                                                          
vs     ijd
 
Item payd Richard Annys for tymbur for Raf Downeys hous                              
viijd
 
Item payd for a stapull for the Chappell doore                                                      
iijd
 
Item payd for reparacyons of a shop behynd the shombulles                      
iijs
 
Item for makynge ij bawdryx                                                                                
xijd
 
Item for a nother stapull to the Chappell doore                                                      
ijd
 
Item to Castell for tymbur                                                                          
iiijs
 
Item to godwyn for settynge the Clokkes                                                  
xvjs
 
Item payd to the Steward                                                                    
iijli    vjs   viijd
 
Item payd to Hygges                                                                          
iiijli
 
Item payd to William smythe Corveser for tymbur                                      
vjs  viijd
 
Item payd to Symons hys fee                                                                        
xs
 
Item payd rent for the vicars hous                                                          
xxiiijs
 
Item payd to the sergentes for dunghyll                                                              
xvjd
 
Item payd to the Scoll master                                                          
xvjli
 
Item payd to the almysfolk                                                              
xxli   xvjs
 
Item payd for Cheff rent                                                                            
iiijs   vjd
 
Item payd to hall for settyng a ston at the Chappell doore                                
vjd
 
Alowaunces

In primis the Chamburlens fee                                                                  
xxs

Item for burfordes hous                                                                            
xvjs

Item for mr Combes iij tenementes                                                          
xiijs   iiijd

Item for the cheere in the shombulles                                                                  
ijd

Item chef rent for Iohn sadler hous                                                                    
xijd

Item for a shop in the Shombulles                                                            
vjs    viijd

Sum payd & alowaunces                  
    ljli      xvs       xd
xlixli       vjs      iijd

Sic remanet in the handes of the
chamburlens they beynge
in det                                                                                          
vs      iiijs      ixd     ob

[verso, endorsed]

Iohn Taylor & Iohn Shakspeyr chamburlens
Accompt pro vno anno fact’ Anno Elyzabethe regine quinto

[with two, perhaps three, marks applied]

Written by Robert Bearman

Last updated April 25, 2016