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July 24,
1605

BRU15/2/2, folio 1 recto

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BRU15/2/2, folio 2 recto

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BRU15/2/2, folio 3 recto

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BRU15/2/2, fol. 3r

BRU15/2/2, folio 4 recto

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BRU15/2/2, folio 5 recto

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BRU15/2/2, folio 13 recto

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An attorney would have initially drafted the deed conveying the lease of half the Stratford tithes to Shakespeare, before a clerk or scrivener engrossed the final copy. Such drafts would generally be in a large flowing hand with plenty of space left between the lines to accommodate any extra material or edits. Thirteen of the original fourteen pages (the last is now missing) of the draft of the assignment to Shakespeare survive. Several interlineations were made, together with a few deletions, which were incorporated into the final version. Scholars generally think that the draft is in Francis Collins’s hand, as he witnessed the assignment. He is not known to have acted for Shakespeare again until he assisted in the drafting of Shakespeare’s will in 1616, which he also witnessed; however, the generous bequest he then received indicates Collins was a trusted companion.

In the top left of the first page the date, July 24, 1605, is included in a later hand, followed by the letters “E.M.” for Edmond Malone, a Shakespearean scholar. As the draft itself is undated, this establishes that Malone must already have come across the finished document during his well-authenticated inspection of the Stratford Corporation archives in the 1790s. It would appear that R.B. Wheler, a local antiquary, subsequently removed the finished assignment, as it thereafter came down to us as part of his papers. However, the fact that the bond is still in the Corporation archives confirms that the assignment itself was also once there. That it did not remain in Shakespeare’s possession amongst his other title deeds is explained by the fact that by a deed of 1625 (BRU 8/17/18), John Hall and his wife, Shakespeare’s daughter, surrendered the lease to the Corporation, together with the bond of £80.  

It is less easy to explain why the draft is in the borough archives, as the Corporation was not directly involved in the transaction. However, this could have come about through the involvement of another attorney close to Shakespeare, Thomas Greene. He was also the town steward, or town clerk, and many of his papers remained in the Corporation archives when he sold up and left the town in 1617. Perhaps it was thought that he should not be too closely involved in this transaction, as the Corporation was generally ill-disposed towards the long leases of its tithes which were undermining the income they believed themselves rightfully entitled to.       

 

Semi-diplomatic transcription

[fol. 1r]

24 Iuly 1605
E.[dmond] M.[alone]
 
This Indenture made the &c Betweene Raphe Hubaude of Ippesley in the countye of Warr’ Esquier
on thone parte And William Shakespeare of Stratford upon Avon in the saied countie of
Warr’ gentleman on thother parte Witnesseth Whereas Anthonie Barker Clarke
Late Warden of the Colledge or Collegiate Churche of Stratford upon Avon
in the saied countye of Warr’ And Giles Coventrie subwarden there And
the Whole Chapter of the same late Colledge by their deade Indented Sealed
with their Chapter seale dated the Seaventh daie of September in the Sixe
& Thirtyth Yeare of the Raigne of the late Kinge of famous Memorie
kinge Henrye the viijte demysed granted & to farme lett (Amongste diuerse other thinges)
vnto one William Barker of Sonnynge in the countye of Bark’ gentleman All & All manner
of Tythes of Corne Graine blade & Heye yearelie & from tyme to tyme
comynge encreasing Reneweing Arrysing groweing yssueing or happeninge or to bee
had receyved perceyved or taken out vpon of or in the townes villages hamlettes groundes &
ffyeldes of Stratford Old Stratford Welcombe & bushopton in the sayed Countye
of Warr’ And alsoe All & all manner of Tythes of wooll lambe & other small
& pryvie Tythes oblacions obvencions Alterages mynumentes & offeringes whatsoeuer
yearelie & from tyme to tyme cominge encreasinge reneweing or groweing
or to bee had receyved perceyved or taken within the parishe of Stratford vpon
Avon aforesaied in the saied Countye of Warr’ by the name or
names of All & singuler their Mannors landes Tenementes meadowes pastures feedinges
woodes vnderwoodes rentes reuercions services courtes leetes rightes releeves
wardes marriages harriottes perquisites of Courtes liberties iurisdiccions & all other
hereditamentes with all & singuler other rightes comodities & their Appurtenaunces togeather with all
manner of parsonages

[fol. 2r] 

Gleebe landes Tythes Alterages oblacions Obvencions mynumentes offeringes And
All other issues proffittes Emolumentes & Advantages in the countie of Warr’
or Worcester or elsewhere whatsoeuer they bee vnto the saied
Colledge Apperteyninge (The mancion house & the Scite of the saied
Colledge with their Appurtenaunces within the precinctes of the walls of the saied
Colledge vnto the saied warden & subwarden onlie excepted) To have &
to holde All the saied Mannors Landes Tenementes and all other the premisses with all
& singuler their Appurtenaunces (excepte before excepted) vnto the saied
Colledge belonginge or in Anie [wise] Apperteyninge vnto the saied William Barker
his executors & assignes from the ffeast of St Michaell tharchangell then laste
paste before the Date of the saied Indenture vnto thend & terme of
ffourescore & Twelve yeares then nexte ensueinge yelding & paieing
therefore yearelie during the vnto the saied warden & subwarden & their
Successors att the saied Colledge Cxxiil xvijs ixd of lawfull money of Englande
As more playnely Appeareth by the saied indenture And whereas
Alsoe the Reuercion of All & singuler the sayed premisses emonge other
thinges, by vertue of the Acte of Parlyment made in the first yeare of the Raigne
of our late soueraigne lorde kinge Edwarde the sixte for the dissolucion
of Chauntries Colledges & Free Chappels or by somme other meanes came
to the handes and possession of the saied late kinge Edwarde And where alsoe

[fol. 3r]

the sayed late kinge Edwarde the sixte beinge seised as in right of his Crowne
of Englande of & in the Reuercion of All & singuler the premisses by his lettres
patentes bearing date the xxviijth daie of Iune in the vijth yeare of his raigne
for the consideracion therein expressed did gyve & graunte vnto the Baylief
and Burgesses of Stratford aforesaied & to their successors emonge other
thinges All & all manner of the saied Tythes of Come graine & Hey Cominge
encreasinge or Arrysinge in the villages & ffieldes of Old Stratford Welcombe &
Bushopton in the saied countie of Warwicke then or late in the tenure
of Iohn Barker and to the late Colledge of Stratford vpon Avon
in the saied countye of Warr’ of late belonging & Apperteyninge & parcell of
the possession thereof beinge And Alsoe All & All manner the saied Tythes
of Wooll lambe & other smalle & Pryvie Tythes oblacions & Alterages,
whatsoeuer within the parishe of Stratford vpon Avon aforesaied & to the saied late
Colledge of Stratforde vpon Avon aforesaid  & to the saied late Colledge of
Stratford vpon Avon belonging or Apperteyninge & then or late in the tenure of
William Barker or of his Assignes And the Reuercion and Reuercions whatsoeuer
of  All & singuler the saied Tythes and euerie parte & parcell thereof &
the Rentes Revenues & other yearelie proffittes whatsoever Reserved
vpon Anie Demise or graunte of the saied tiethes or anie parte or parcell thereof 

[fol. 4r] 

And wheras alsoe the interest as well of the said premisses graunted vnto the said
Baylief and Burgesse, As alsoe the interest ^a of all other the premisses
 in the
said originall Lease mencioned (the reuercion wherof was then remainynge in her
Maiesties handes and the interest of Certaine Coppie holdes lande in Shotterie in the
parishe of Stratford aforesaid beinge by good and lawfull Conveyance & assurance in
the lawe before that tyme Conveyed & assured to Iohn Barker of Hurste in
the said countie of Berk’ He the said Iohn Barker by his Indenture
bearinge date the ffoure and Twenteth daye of Iune in the Twoe and
twente yeare of the Raigne of our said souereigne Lady the (late) Quenes Maiestie Elizabeth for the Consideracions
therin specifyed did give graunte assigne and sett ouer vnto Sir Iohn Hubaud
Knighte deceassed brother of the said Raphe Hubaude of Ipsley in the said Countie 
of Warwicke Esquire all & singuler the said laste mencioned premisses And all
his Estate Righte Tytle and Interest that he then had to Come of in and to
all and singuler the said premisses and of all other Mannors Messuages Landes
Tenementes gleebe landes tiethes oblacions Comodities and proffittes in the said originall
Lease mencioned for and duringe all the yeares & terme then to Come vnexpired
in the said originall Lease (exceptinge certaine thinges as in & by the saide
laste mencioned Indenture is excepted) As by the same Indenture more att large maie
appeare To have and to holde all and singuler the said recyted premisses
(excepte before excepted) to the saied Sir Iohn Hubaud knight his Executors

[fol. 5r] 

and Assignes for & duringe the yeares then to Come of and in the same
yeldinge and payeinge therfore yearely after the ffeast of St Michell
Tharchangell next ensuynge the date of the said laste mencioned Indenture
for and duringe all the yeares mencioned in the said first mencioned Indenture
then to Come & not vn vnexpired vnto the said Iohn Barker his Executors Administrators and
Assignes one Annuall or yearly Rente of Twentie Seaven poundes Thirteene
shillinges ffowre pence by the yeare to be yssuyinge and goynge out of all
the Mannors Landes Tenementes Tyethes and hereditamentes in the said Indenture specified
To be paide yearly to the said Iohn Barker his Executors Administrators and
Assignes by the said Sir Iohn Hubaud knighte his Executors Administrators & Assignes
att the ffeastes of the Anuntiacion of our Lady and St Michaell Tharchangell
or within ffortie dayes of after the said ffeastes in the Porche of the parishe Churche
of Stratford aforsaid by yeven porcions And further payeinge doynge
and performynge all suche other Rentes duties & services as att enie tyme from
thenceforth and from tyme to tyme for and duringe the terme aforsaid shoulde
become due to anie person or persons for the same premisses or anie parte therof, and
therof to discharge the said Iohn Barker his Executors & Administrators And yff
yt shoulde happen the saied Twentie seaven poundes thirtene shillinges
ffoure pence to be behinde & unpaide in parte or in all by the space of ffortie dayes
nexte

[fol. 6r] 

nexte after anie of the sayed ffeastes or dayes of payemente in which as is aforsaid
yt oughte to be paide beinge lawfully asked That then yt shoulde be lawfull to
and for the said Iohn Barker his Executors Administrators & Assignes into all & singuler
the premisses with theire appurtenaunces and euerie parte and parcell therof to reenter
and the same to haue againe as in his or their former righte And that
then and from thenceforthe the saied recyted Indenture of Assignemente and euerie
article Covenaunte Clause provisoe & agreemente therin Conteyned on the parte & behalfe
of the said Iohn Barker his Executors Administrators & Assignes to be performed
shoulde Ceasse and be vtterly voyde & of none effeete with diuerse and sundrie other
Covenauntes grauntes articles and agreementes in the said Indenture of Assignemente specified
to be observed & performed by the saied Sir Iohn Hubaud his Executors and Assignes
As in and by the said recyted Indenture ^it doth and maye Appeare And wheras
the sayed Sir Iohn Hubaude knight did by his deede obligatorie bynde him self and
his heires to the said John Barker in A greate summe of money for the performance
of all and singuler the Covenauntes grauntes articles and agreementes which on the parte of the
said Sir Iohn Hubaud knighte were to be observed and performed Conteyned & specified
as well in the said reeyted Indenture of Assignemente, as alsoe in one other Indenture
beringe the date of the said recyted Indenture of Assignemente made betwene
the said Iohn Barker on thone partie, and the said Sir John Hubaud knighte 
on

[fol. 7r] 

on thother partie As by the said Deade obligatorie Moore att large yt dothe &
maie Appeare And whereas alsoe the said Sir Iohn Hubaud
by his laste Will & testamente in Writinge did gyve & bequeath vnto the said
Raphe Hubaud and
 vnto George Digbye the esquier & after made his Executors amongste other thinges
knight the moytie or one half of All & singuler the said tythes as well greate & smalle before mencioned to
be graunted to the said Baylieffe & Burgesses for & duringe All
the yeares
 soe longe tyme & vntill of the issues & proffittes thereof soe muche as
with those other thinges in his saied will to that purposse willed lymitted or Appointed
shall should be sufficient to discharge beare & paie his funeralles debtes
& legacies And the other moytie or one half of the saied Tythes did alsoe gyve & bequeath
vnto the saied Raphe Hubaude & his assignes during all the yeares then to
come in the saied Originall lease & not expired payeinge the one half
of the rentes & other charges dewe or goeing out of or for the same that
is to saie the one half of Tenne poundes by yeare to be paied to the saied
Iohn Barker over & aboue the rentes thereof reserved vpon the saied originall lease for the same
As by the saied will & testament more Att large Appeareth This
Indenture nowe witnesseth that the saied Raphe Hubaude for & in consideracion
of the some of ffoure hundred & ffourtie poundes of lawfull englishe
money to him by the saied William Shackesphere before thensealing
& deliuerye of these presentes well & truelie contented & paied whereof &

[fol. 8r] 

of euerye parte & parcell whereof he doth by these presentes Acknowledge the Receipt And thereof
& of euerye parte & parcell thereof the saied Raphe Hubaud doth by thees presentes
clerelie acquite exonerate & discharge the saide the saied William
Shakesphere his heires executors and Administrators for euer hath graunted demised
Assigned & sett over & by thees presentes doth graunte demise assigne & sett over vnto the
saied William Shakesphere his executors & Assignes the (saied) moytie or one half of All the saied Tythes
of Corne graine blade & heye ..innge Arry yearelie & from tyme to tyme cominge
increasinge Reneweinge Arrysinge groweinge issueinge or happening
or to be had receyved perceyved or taken out of vpon or in the groundes
townes villages hamlettes groundes & ffyeldes of Stratford Old Stratford Bushopton
& Welcombe in the said countie of warr’ And Alsoe the moytie or one half of
All the tythes of wooll lambe & other smalle & pryvie tythes herbage oblacions
obvencions Alterages mynimentes offeringes & proffittes whatsoeuer yearelie & from
tyme to tyme cominge encreasinge reneweing or groweing or to bee
had receyved perceyved or taken within the parishe of Stratforde vpon
Avon aforesaied And alsoe the moytie or one half of All & All manner of
Tythes as well greate as smalle whatsoeuer which were by the laste Will
& testament of the saied Sir Iohn Hubaud gyven & bequeathed to the saied
Raphe Hubaud Arrysing encreasing reneweing or groweing within the saied
parishe of Stratford vpon Avon And whereof the saied Raphe Hubaud hath att

[fol. 9r] 

Anie tyme heretofore been possessed of or whereof by vertue of the saied will and testament of Righte
ought to be possessed or wherevnto he nowe hath or hereafter should have Anie estate
right or interest in possession or Reuercion And all thestate right title interest claime & demaunde
whatsoeuer of the saied Raphe Hubaude of in & to All & singuler the premisses hereby lastelie
mencioned to bee graunted & assigned & euerie or anie parte or parcell thereof And the Reuercion
& Reuercions of All & singuler the premisses & all rentes & yearelie proffittes Reserved vpon Anie
demise graunte or Assignement thereof or Anie parte thereof heretofore made
(The Pryvie Tythes of Luddington & suche parte of the Tythe Hey & pryvie
Tythes of Bushopton as of right doe belonge to the vicar curate or
minister there for the tyme beinge alwaies excepted & foreprised) To have &
to holde the saied Moyties of All & singuler the saied Tythes before in & by
thees presentes lastelie mencioned to be graunted & Assigned & euerie parte & parcell of them
And All thestate right title & interest of the saied Raphe Hubaud of in & to the
same And all other the aforedemised premisses & euerie parte thereof except before
excepted vnto the saied William Shakespear his executors & assignes from the
daie of the date hereof for & during the Residewe of the saied Terme of ffourescore
& twelve yeares in the saied first mencioned Indenture expressed and for
suche & soe longe terme & tyme & in as large Ample & benefyciall
manner as the saied Raphe Hubaud shoulde or ought enioye
the same yelding & paieinge therefore yearelie duringe
the Residewe of the saied terme of ffourescore & twelve
yeares which be yet to come & vnexpired the Rentes hereafter mencioned in

[fol. 10r] 

manner & forme followeinge That is to saie vnto the Baylyffe & Burgesses of Stratford
aforesaied & their Successors the yearelie rent of Seaventeene poundes Att the
ffeastes of St Michaell tharchangell & thanunciacion of blessed Marie the Virgin
by equall porcions And vnto Iohn Barker his executors administrators or Assignes the
yearelie rent of ffyve poundes att the ffeast daies & place in the recited
Indenture of Assignement lymitted & appointed ^ or within fourtie dayes after the saied ffeaste daies by even porcions As parcell of the saied Annuall
Rent of Twentye seaven poundes thirteene shillinges foure pence in the saied
Assignement mencioned And the saied Raphe Hubaud doth by thees presentes
for him his heires Executors administrators & assignes Covenaunte & graunte to & with the
saied William Shakesphere his executors administrators & Assignes & euerye of them
That Hee the saied Raphe Hubaude Att the tyme of thensealinge of thees
presentes hath & att the tyme of the first execucion of Anie estate interest or terme
by force of thees presentes shall have full power lawfull & sufficient
Aucthoritie certenlie suerlie & absolutelie to graunte demise assigne
& sett over the saied moyties or one half of all & singuler the saied
Tythes & other premisses before by thees presentes lastelie mencioned to be assigned
& sett over & euerie parte & parcell thereof vnto the saied William
Shakesphere his executors & assignes Accordinge to the true meaning
of thees presentes And alsoe that the saied william Shakesphere his executors

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executors administrators or Assignes ar shall & maye from tyme to tyme & att all tymes duringe the
Residewe of the saied terme of ffourescore & twelve yeares yet to come & vnexpired
for the yearelie seuerall rentes aboue by thees presentes reserved peaceablie
lawfullye & quietlie have holde occupie possesse & enioye the saied Moyties
or one half of All & singuler the saied Tythes of Corne graine blad
heye wooll lambe & other smalle & pryvie tythes herbage oblacions obvencions offeringes
& other the premisses before by thees presentes graunted & assigned or ment to be graunted
& assigned & euerie parte & parcell thereof According to (except before excepted)
without anie lett trouble entrie distresse claime deniall interrupcion or
molestacion whatsoeuer of the saied Raphe Hubaud his executors administrators or
assignes or of Anie other personne or personns having or c1ayminge to have or
which att anie tyme hereafter shall or maie have or claime to have
Anie thing of in to or out of the afore graunted premisses or anie parte thereof
by from or vnder the saied Raphe Hubaud his executors administrators or assignes
or anie of them or by from or vnder the saied Sir Iohn Hubaude or by their or anie of their meanes consent forfeiture act or procurement And without anie lawfull lett
trouble distresse claime deniall entrie or demaunde whatsoeuer other then
for the saied yearlie rent of vli aboue reserved of the saied Iohn Barker his executors
administrators or assignes or anie of them or of anie personne or personns clayming by from
or vnder them or anie of them Thestate & interest of the lord Carewe of
& in the lordship Tythes of Bridgetowne & Ryen Clifforde onelie Excepted

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& the interest of Sir Edwarde Grevill of & in the moytie of the Tythe heye wooll lambe & other
smalle & 
pryvie & small tythes oblacions obvencions offeringes & proffittes before by thees presentes graunted
& assigned vnto the saied William Shacksphere which is to endure vntill the feast
of St Michaell tharchangell next ensueinge the date hereof & noe longer
onel excepted & foreprised And the saied Raphe Hubaud doth by thees presentes
for him his heires executors & Administrators Covenaunte & graunte to & with the saied
William Shakesphere his executors administrators & assignes that the sayed Moyties
of the saied Tythes before mencioned to be graunted to the saied WilliaShakespeare & other the
premisses except before excepted nowe are & soe from tyme to tyme & att all tymes hereafter during
the residewe of the saied terme of ffourescore & twelve yeres yet to come
& vnexpired shalbe remaine & contynewe According to thintent & true
meaninge of thees presentes free & clere & freelie & clerelie acquited exonerated
& discharged or well & sufficientlie saved & kept harmelesse of &
from all & All manner of bargaines Assignementes grauntes leases recognizances
statutes mercheant & of the staple outlaries iudgementes execucions entries
titles troubles charges encumbraunces & demaundes whatsoeuer heretofore
had made done comitted omitted done or suffered or hereafter to be
had made done comitted omitted done or suffered by the
saied Raphe Hubaude Sir Iohn Hubaud & Iohn Barker or
anie of them their or anie of their executors administrators or assignes
or anie of them or by anie personne or personns whatsoeuer clayminge by

[fol.13r]

or which att anie tyme herefter during the residewe of the saied terme shall
or maie claime by from or vnder them or anie of them their or anie of their
executors adminstrators or assignes or anie of them or by their or anie of
their meanes Act graunte forfeyture consent or procurement And
Alsoe that he the saied Raphe Huband his executors administrators & assignes
shall & will from tyme to tyme & att all tymes duringe the space of three yeares
next ensueing vpon Requeste & att the costes & charges in the lawe of
the saied William Shakesphere his executors or assignes doe performe &
execute & cause permitt & suffer to be done performed & executed All & euery
suche further Acte & Actes thinge & thinges devise & devises in the lawe
whatsoeuer be yt or they by anie meane course act devise or Assurans
in the lawe whatsoeuer as by the saied William Shakespeare his executors or assignes or his or their learned councell in the lawe shalbe resonablie devised advised or required for the further or more better or firmer Assurans
suertie suermakinge & conveyeinge of All & singuler the premisses before
by thees presentes demised & assigned or ment or Intended to bee demised
& assigned & euerie parte & parcell thereof vnto the saied William Shaksphere
his executors & assignes during all the residewe of the saied terme of
ffourescore & twelve yeares which bee yet to come & vnexpired According
to the tenor & true meaninge of thees presentes Soe as the saied Raphe
Hubande be not hereby compelled to travell from his dwelling house
att Ippesley aforesaied for the Doeinge thereof

Written by Robert Bearman

Last updated June 7, 2016