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Parish Register of Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
April 25,
1616

DR243/1: Burial register, folio 46 recto

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DR243/1: Burial register, folio 46 recto
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Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

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The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust hase graciously contributed images to Shakespeare Documented under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 International license. Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commerical or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk.

Document-specific information
Creator: Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Title: Parish Register, Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Date: 1558-1776
Repository: Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: DR243/1: Burial register, fol. 46r

Item Creator
Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Item Title
Parish Register of Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Item Date
1558-1776, entry for April 25, 1616
Repository
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call Number
DR243/1, Burial register, fol. 46r

DR243/1: Burial register, folio 46 recto, entry detail

View Image Assets
DR243/1: Burial register, folio 46 recto, entry detail
Click image to enlarge

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust hase graciously contributed images to Shakespeare Documented under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 International license. Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commerical or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk.

Document-specific information
Creator: Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Title: Parish Register, Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Date: 1558-1776
Repository: Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: DR243/1: Burial register, fol. 46r

Item Creator
Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Item Title
Parish Register of Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Item Date
1558-1776, entry for April 25, 1616
Repository
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call Number
DR243/1, Burial register, fol. 46

Institution Rights and Document Citation

 

Reproduced by permission of Shakespeare Birthplace Trust

Terms of use
The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust hase graciously contributed images to Shakespeare Documented under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 International license. Visitors may download, link to and cite the images for personal research only. Any further use, including, but not limited to, unauthorized downloading or distribution of the images, commerical or third party use, is strictly prohibited. Visitors must contact the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust to request additional use, at: images.scla@shakespeare.org.uk.

Document-specific information
Creator: Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Title: Parish Register, Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon
Date: 1558-1776
Repository: Shakespeare Birthplace Trust, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK
Call number and opening: DR243/1: Burial register, fol. 46r

According to the inscription on the wall monument erected in his memory, Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616 and was buried, as would be normal practice at that time, two days later.

William Shakespeare’s burial was entered in the parish register for Holy Trinity Church on April 25, 1616: "Will Shakspere gent." Shakespeare's brother-in-law, William Hart, had been buried a week earlier, on April 17. Both entries are marked with an "X” in a later hand, signifying their importance. From the inscription on Shakespeare's funeral monument in the church, we know that he died two days earlier, on April 23, “├ćetatis 53” or “in the 53rd year of his age”). He had therefore passed his 52nd birthday which, if he had been born on April 23, 1564, would have been observed earlier on the day that he died.

Shakespeare’s cause of death is not known but, given that he first drafted his will in January 1616, he may have been unwell for some time. He may have become gravely ill by March 25, when he signed his re-drafted will of which, despite its many deletions and interlineations, no fair copy was later made. However, he lived for nearly another month.
 
The person who made the entry in the register is not easily identifiable. According to the regulations then in place it should have been the vicar or curate (assistant minister), who, every Sunday, in the presence of the churchwardens (lay church officials), was required to enter in the register all baptism, marriage and burial ceremonies over the past week. The churchwardens and either the vicar or the curate would then sign at the foot of each page. In Stratford, the vicar, John Rogers, was only occasionally involved in these operations, and not at all after February 1612. Thereafter it was the curate who attested to the entries—first Edward Woolmer, and then Richard Watts from October 1613. Watts closely followed this procedure for a year or two following his appointment (even to the point, until March 1615, of recording the entries himself). Afterwards, he merely signed at the foot of each page with the churchwardens. However, in time burial records began to be kept less carefully than baptisms or marriages. For instance, for much of 1615 and early 1616 the compiler simply added the churchwarden and curate’s “signatures” in his own hand. There is no “signature” at all on the page containing Shakespeare’s burial entry. The next two pages, ending on October 17, 1616 and February 26, 1617, bear only the mark of one of the churchwardens.

Modernized/Translated transcriptions

[fol. 46r]
 
[1]616
March
1 An Infant of Zache Tandy
2 Alice wife of Zache Tandy
3 Katheren wife of Raph Burnill
5 Joanne wife of Will Tasker
9 Joyce daughter of Ric[hard] Aynger
9 Marg[a]ret daughter of Francis Brayne
15 Marg[a]ret Wheelar & her Child.

April
3  Thomas Dixson
5  Marg[a]ret daughter of John James
9  Two twins of Rich Burman
15  Will Parie gentleman
16  A Infant of Thomas Woodward
17  Will Hartt Hatter                X
21  Elizabeth daughter of Will Bramich
23  An[n]e Cocks Widow
24  Richard Pynder
25  Will Shakespeare gentleman        X

May
9  Marg[a]ret daughter of Robert Hadges Stranger
11  Two twins of Will Smyth merchant
23  Thomas Bramley of Drayton
25  Thomas Bradshew Shoemaker

[Ju]ne    
1 Al[i]ce Hearinge widow
7 An[n]e Lock widow
14 Elizabeth Twininge
18 Al[i]ce fillia Roger Mvllenexs
21 A Infant of Robert Ward
26 Roger Mvllenexs
26 Thomas son of Henry Pratt
30 Thomas son of Tho[mas] Lemster

[Ju]ly                      
6 William Trowt butcher
22 William Jones
22  Thomas son of Tho[mas] Jackman
26  Humphrey Allin of old Stratford
28 John son of John Green gentleman
28 Steven son of Edward Perks of Shott[e]ry
28 Katheren duaghter of John Smyth
An[n[e wife of Edward Perks of Shott[e]ry

Semi-diplomatic transcription

[Transcription from Richard Savage, The Registers of Stratford-on-Avon, vol. 3, 89-90.]

[fol. 46r]

 

[1]616                     1              A Infant of Zache Tandy.                               46

   march                   2              Alis vxor Zache Tandy

                                5              Kathren vxor Raph Burnill

                                5              Ioane vxor Will. Tasker

                                9              Ioyce filia Rich. Aynger

                                9              Margret fillia ffrancis Brayne.

                                15           Margret Wheelar & her Child.

  Aprill

                                3              Thomas Dixson

                                5              Margret fillia Iohn Iames

                                9              Tow twines of Rich. Burman.

                                15           Will Parie gent

                                16           A Infant of Tho. Woodward

                                17           Will Hartt hatter

                                21           Elizabeth fillia will bramich

                                23           Ane Cocks, widow

                                24           Richard Pynder

                                25           Will Shakspeare gent

May                      

                                9              Margret fillia Robert Hadges stranger

                                11           tow twines of Will Smyth mercer

                                23           Thomas Bramley de Drayton

                                25           Thomas Bradshew Shewmaker

 

[Iu]ne                      1              Alce Hearinge, widow

                                7              Ane Lock, widow

                                14           Elizabeth Twininge

                                18           Alce fillia Roger Mvllenexs

                                21           A Infant of Robert Ward

                                26           Roger Mvllenexs

                                26           Thomas fillius Henery Pratt

                                30           Thomas fillius Tho Lemster

 

[Iu]lly                      6            William Trowt butcher

                                22           William Iones

                                22           Thomas fillius Tho: Iackmane

                                26           Humphrey Allin de old Stratford

                                28           Iohn fillius Iohn Green gent

                                28           Steven fillius Edward Perks de Shottry

                                28           Katheren fillia Iohn Smyth

                                                Ane vxor Edward Perks de Shottry

Written by Robert Bearman

Sources

Robert Bearman, Shakespeare in the Stratford Records

Last updated June 7, 2016